Wednesday, April 20, 2005

Rif Brachot 34b


{Brachot 46b continued}
And the Sages said: To the place that he broke off he returns - that he says Baruch SheAchalnu Mishelo Uvtuvo Chayinu {Blessed Be He from Whom we have eaten, and in His Goodness we live}.

And so is the halacha {like the Sages}.

They learnt {in a brayta}: What does he say in the house of a mourner? Baruch HaTov VeHaMeitiv {"Blessed is He that is good and does good"}. Rabbi Akiva says: Dayan HaEmet {the true judge}.
And the first Tanna, HaTov VeHaMeitiv, yes; Dayan HaEmet, no?
Rather, say: Even HaTov VeHaMeitiv.

{Note: different girsa}
Mar Zutra visited the house of Rav Ashi. He {Rav Ashi} had suffered a bereavement of his son. He began and said: Blessed be the living King, the Good and the Beneficent {= HaTov VeHaMeitiv}, True God, the True Judge, who judges in righteousness and rules in His world, that we are his nation and his servants, and in all we are obligated to praise him and bless him.

And so is the halacha.

The Sages learnt {in a brayta}: We don't give respect, not in roads and bridges, and not in {washing} greasy hands.

{Brachot 47a}
Except in a doorway that is suitable for a mezuza.

The Sages learnt {in a brayta}: Two wait for each other in the dish {to remove food from it}. Three, they do not wait {if one interrupts his eating}.
And the one who has broken {the bread} stretches out his hand first, and if he comes to dole out honor to his teacher or to he who is greater than him, he is permitted to do so.
And when he breaks {the bread} he should break it from where it is cooked best.

Rabba bar bar Huna made {a marriage feast} for his son in the house of Rav Daniel {gemara: Rav Shmuel} son of Rav Ketina. Beforebhand, he taught his son {a brayta - diff girsa}: The guests {those reclining} may not taste until the one who blessed {on the bread} tastes, and the one who breaks the bread {who said the blessing} may not taste until "Amen" terminates from the mouths of those who answer {Amen to his blessing}.
And Rav Chisda said: from the mouths of the majority of the answerers, for one who answers Amen longer than appropriate is only making a mistake.

The Sages learnt {in a brayta}: We do not answer a hurried Amen, nor a curtailed Amen, nor an orphaned Amen, nor should one hurl the blessing, out of his mouth. Ben Azzai said: one who answers an orphaned Amen, his children will be orphans.

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