Sunday, January 07, 2007

Rif Rosh HaShana 9a {Rosh haShana 32b continues}


{Rosh haShana 32b continues}
the halacha is like Rabbi Yossi, here the world conducts itself in accordance with Rabbi Yehuda {and does not say Pikdonot}.

"He begins in Torah and ends in Navi; Rabbi Yossi said: If he finished in Torah, he fulfilled":
And we answered: This is what it means to say: He begins with Torah and finishes with Navi. Rabbi Yossi says: He finishes with Torah -- and if he finished with Navi, he fulfilled.

And we establish like Rabbi Yossi.

They learnt {in a brayta}: Rabbi Eleazar beRabbi Yossi said: The Vatikin {a scholarly family of Babylonian descent favored by Herod; but see Rashi and Talmidei Rabbenu Yonah} would finish{out the tenth} with Torah.

This is fine for Zichronot and Shofarot -- there are many such {pesukim, such that we can find a tenth}. But Malchuyot, there are only three! That is, {Bemidbar 23:21}:

כא לֹא-הִבִּיט אָוֶן בְּיַעֲקֹב, וְלֹא-רָאָה עָמָל בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל; ה אֱלֹקָיו עִמּוֹ, וּתְרוּעַת מֶלֶךְ בּוֹ. 21 None hath beheld iniquity in Jacob, neither hath one seen perverseness in Israel; the LORD his God is with him, and the shouting for the King is among them.
{Devarim 33:5}:
ה וַיְהִי בִישֻׁרוּן, מֶלֶךְ, בְּהִתְאַסֵּף רָאשֵׁי עָם, יַחַד שִׁבְטֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל. 5 And there was a king in Jeshurun, when the heads of the people were gathered, all the tribes of Israel together.
{Shemot 15:18}:
יח ה יִמְלֹךְ, לְעֹלָם וָעֶד.
18 The LORD shall reign for ever and ever.
And we need ten, and there are not!
Rav Huna said: One taught {tna}: {Devarim 6:4}:
ד שְׁמַע, יִשְׂרָאֵל: ה אֱלֹקֵינוּ, ה אֶחָד. 4 Hear, O Israel: the LORD our God, the LORD is one.
This is complete kingship. These are the words of Rabbi Yossi. Rabbi Yehuda says: This is not kingship.

{Devarim 4:39}
לט וְיָדַעְתָּ הַיּוֹם, וַהֲשֵׁבֹתָ אֶל-לְבָבֶךָ, כִּי ה הוּא הָאֱלֹקים, בַּשָּׁמַיִם מִמַּעַל וְעַל-הָאָרֶץ מִתָּחַת: אֵין, עוֹד. 39 know this day, and lay it to thy heart, that the LORD, He is God in heaven above and upon the earth beneath; there is none else.

and {Devarim 4:35}:
לה אַתָּה הָרְאֵתָ לָדַעַת, כִּי ה הוּא הָאֱלֹקים: אֵין עוֹד, מִלְּבַדּוֹ. 35 Unto thee it was shown, that thou mightiest know that the LORD, He is God; there is none else beside Him.
are kingship - These are the words of Rabbi Yossi.
Rabbi Yehuda says: They are not kingship.

And we establish like Rabbi Yossi.

The shliach tzibbur for Mussaf on the first day of Yom Tov of Rosh HaShanna is the one who blows {shofar}.
And when Hallel is said {on other Yamim Tovim}, the Hallel is read by the baal shacharit.

From the fact that it stated "when Hallel is said," we may deduce that we do not say Hallel on Rosh haShana.
What is the reason?
Like Rabbi Abahu. For Rabbi Abahu said: The ministering angels said before Hashem: Master of the World, why does Israel not say song {shira} before you on Rosh haShana and Yom Kippur?
He said to them: Is it possible that the King sits on the seat of judgement, and the books of the dead and the books of the living are opened before him, and Israel say song?

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