Monday, October 09, 2006

Rif Succah 18b {Succah 37b continues; 38a}


{Succah 37b continues}
And when does he shake {the lulav in Hallel}?
In Hodu la-Hashem ki tov at the beginning and end, and in Ana Hashem Hoshi'a Na. These are the words of Bet Hillel.
Bet Shammai say: Also by Ana Hashem Hatzlicha Na.

Rabbi Akiva said: I looked at Rabban Gamliel and Rabbi Yehoshua and saw that the entire nation was shaking their lulavim and they only shook by Ana Hashem Hoshi'a Na.

How should he shake? Just as we say over there regarding the shtei halechem {two loaves} and the two sheep of Atzeret {Shavuot}: What does he do? He places the two loaves atop the two sheep and places his hand underneath them, and he waves fro and to {away from himself and near}, raises up and lowers down.

Rabbi Chiyya bar Abba cited Rabbi Yochanan: Fro and to - to He Who the four directions are His. Raises up and lowers down - to He Who the heavens and earth are His.

In the West {=Eretz Yisrael} they taught it as follows: Rabbi Chama beRabbi Akiva {our gemara: Ukva} cited Rabbi Yossi beRabbi Chanina: He brings fro and to in order to prevent the evil winds {ruchot = winds, sometimes spirits, but likely winds here. also note it means direction}. He raises up and lowers down -- to prevent bad dews.

{Succah 38a}
Rava said: And also the lulav. {just like the two loaves and the two sheep}

And so is the custom.

And there is one who says that one is required to shake three times {side-to-side} as he brings it away and towards himself, besides {=during} the movement of fro and to, up and down. And he learns it from the gemara of the residents of the West {from the Yerushalmi}, for we learn there: Rav Chiyya bar Ashi in the name of Rav: One who gets up early to go on the road, they bring him a shofar and he blows; a lulav and he shakes; a megillah and he reads it, etc. They learnt {tna}: He needs to shake it three times on each and every davar {thing}.
Rabbi Zera inquired: Is this {away} one and this {towards} one {such that away needs three and towards needs three}? Or perhaps this and this are {a single} one.

That is to say: Is the bringing away from himself {=fro} one and the bringing towards himself {to} one, or do the bringing away from himself and the bringing near to himself together form one?
Thus, "shaking" is a separate thing from fro and to, up and down.

One who is travelling on the road and does not have a lulav in hand - when he reaches his home, he should take on his table {before he eats}.

No comments: