Monday, August 28, 2006

Rif Yoma 3b {Yoma 82a continues}


{Yoma 82a continues}
A twelve year-old female, she finishes {the fast} Biblically, and a thirteen year old male finishes the fast Biblically.

Even though we establish like Rabbi Yochanan who said that 12 year old girls and 13 year old boys finish the fast Biblically, we {also} establish like Rav Huna and Rav Nachman,for they are later, that they finish Rabbinically in order to accustom them {lechanchan} from 11 years old, whether for a boy or a girl, and a nine and ten year old, we accustom them for hours, like Rav Nachman - that if he regularly ate at two hours {into the day}, we feed him at three; at three, we feed him at four.

A pregnant woman, who longs for food which she smells, should be fed until relieved.

An invalid is fed by the direction of persons possessing medical knowledge; if there be none such, he is to be fed at his own desire, till he says, "Enough."

The Sages learnt {in a brayta}: If a pregnant woman has smelled sacred meat, or pork, something should be dipped in the sauce thereof, and presented to her mouth. If she is relieved thereby, it is good; otherwise, the sauce must be given to her. If this has not satisfied her either, the meat itself must be given to her. Because nothing is prohibited which is needed to save a life, except idolatry, sexual sins, and bloodshed.

How do we know this? For they learnt {in a brayta}: Rabbi Eleazar said:
{In the beginning of Shema - Devarim 6:5:

ה וְאָהַבְתָּ, אֵת ה אֱלֹהֶיךָ, בְּכָל-לְבָבְךָ וּבְכָל-נַפְשְׁךָ, וּבְכָל-מְאֹדֶךָ. 5 And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.
If it is stated בְכָל-נַפְשְׁךָ - "with all thy soul", why is it stated וּבְכָל-מְאֹדֶךָ - "and with all thy might?" And if it is stated וּבְכָל-מְאֹדֶךָ - "and with all thy might, why it is stated בְכָל-נַפְשְׁךָ - "with all thy soul?"

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